Fitness, Holistic Wellness, Mental Wellness

The Health Risks of Oversleeping and Insomnia

The health risks of oversleeping and insomnia

The state of reduced consciousness and lower response to the environment occurs during sleep, a physiological process that is both natural and essential. It is characterized by a momentarily reduced level of sensory awareness, an altered state of consciousness, and specific patterns of brain activity. Every person should ideally get some hours of sleep every day for the effective functioning of the body and health.

While we are sleeping, our body goes through various physiological processes that help us with the following –

  • Rest and recovery
  • Optimal brain functioning
  • Hormone regulation
  • Circadian rhythm

A complex combination of biological elements, such as the internal circadian clock, exposure to light and darkness, and the sleep homeostat (a mechanism that monitors the body’s demand for sleep and regulates its timing and duration), controls the sleep-wake cycle.

Read on to know how insomnia and oversleeping can adversely affect one’s health. Do read till the end to learn how you can overcome both conditions.

Lack of Sleep

Lack of sleep means not getting enough sleep and recovery. It may have a substantial impact on a number of health and well-being factors. Here are a few typical outcomes of insufficient sleep.

Impaired cognitive functions

Lack of sleep can have a negative effect on cognitive functions like focus, attention, problem-solving, and decision-making.

Lack of sleep can have a negative effect on cognitive functions like focus, attention, problem-solving, and decision-making. It may result in diminished attentiveness, worse memory function, slower reflexes, and trouble learning new information.

A weakened immune system

People who don’t get enough sleep may have immune systems that are more vulnerable to infections, viruses, and other ailments. It decreases the development of immune cells and antibodies and weakens the body’s defenses against infections.

Health conditions

Chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to an increased risk of acquiring a number of chronic illnesses.

Chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to an increased risk of acquiring a number of chronic illnesses. Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and impaired metabolic function are some of these.

Physical performance impairment

Lack of sleep can impair one’s physical prowess and athletic talents. It results in worse motor abilities, slower reaction times, diminished stamina, and decreased coordination. Additionally, it can make accidents and injuries more likely.

Hormonal dysregulation

The physiological equilibrium of hormones is disturbed by sleep deprivation.

The physiological equilibrium of hormones is disturbed by sleep deprivation. It may have an impact on how hormones that govern appetite are regulated, which could result in greater hunger and a higher risk of overeating. Lack of sleep can also affect how growth hormones, such as cortisol, insulin, and other critical hormones are released, which can lead to metabolic dysregulation.

To maintain general health and well-being, it’s critical to prioritize and consistently get enough sleep. On the other hand, getting too much sleep can also have negative effects, which are discussed below.

Oversleep

Getting too much sleep can have a variety of negative impacts on one’s health. Sleep is necessary for our health, but too little or too much can upset the natural balance of our bodies and cause health issues. Here are a few possible negative impacts of excessive sleep on health.

Diabetes and metabolic diseases

An increased risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders has been linked to excessive sleep.

An increased risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders has been linked to excessive sleep. Alterations in sleep patterns can have an impact on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity, which can lead to the emergence of these diseases.

Impairment of cognitive function

Oversleeping can have detrimental effects, just as too little sleep might. Oversleeping has been linked to poorer cognitive function, memory issues, and problems focusing and paying attention.

Depression

Oversleeping has been associated with a higher chance of developing depression and other mental health conditions.

Oversleeping has been associated with a higher chance of developing depression and other mental health conditions. It can interfere with the sleep-wake cycle and have a detrimental impact on mood regulation, which can result in depressive symptoms and other psychological issues.

Back pain and musculoskeletal

These problems might develop as a result of spending too much time in bed. Lack of exercise and extended periods of lying still can cause muscles to become tight, less flexible, and more sensitive to pain and discomfort.

It’s crucial to remember that oversleeping can have different impacts on different people and that some underlying medical issues or prescription drugs may make people sleep too much. Consult a healthcare practitioner for a comprehensive evaluation and advice if you frequently find yourself oversleeping and experiencing harmful health impacts. Better sleep habits and general well-being can be encouraged by keeping a regular sleep schedule, adopting proper sleep hygiene, and living a healthy lifestyle.

Practical Takeaway

It is crucial that we regulate it like a pendulum and don’t have loose ends on either side because it can be seen that some of the bad consequences are caused by both oversleeping and undersleeping. Here are some strategies for ensuring healthy sleep hygiene.

  • Developing fixed, consistent, and sound sleeping habits for the majority of the week
  • Creating a sleep-friendly environment before sleep hours
  • Developing pre-sleep routine like reading books, meditating, and other relaxing activities
  • Regularly exercising. Try to finish your workout at least a couple of hours before bedtime. Regular exercise can improve sleep, but strenuous exercise right before bed can hinder falling asleep.

 

AUTHOR – Praveen Budhrani (Senior Faculty, INFS, NSCA-CSCS, NASM-PES)

 

References

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